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#Yojana Nector – North-East India- Challenges & Solution !!!(Apr 2016)

Although clubbed in all fora as seven sisters, this region has its diversities in all sectors – ethinically, geographically, culturally and linguistically. An Assamese is as different from a Naga as a Bihari is from a Punjabi and the Bodo would never want to be confused with a Garo.

CHALLENGES:-

1)The region still imports almost everything – from razor blades and fish to pencils and food grain, from cars to television sets. It remains essentially a market and not a production centre. Raw produce like fruits, vegetables and even cattle are exported to Bangladesh and Myanmar and there are no major processing units to add value and shelf life to these products.

2)Official figures say that Assam has the worst Maternal Mortality Rate in India at 300, far above Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.

3)Changing climate patterns brought by global weather changes, leading to outmigration to other parts of India. The Brahmaputra Valley is devastated by floods almost every year and in one recent surge, nearly 350 embankments collapsed.

4)The eight north-eastern states– Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim (added in 2002) and Tripura– are growing fast, educating their people at a rate much faster thanthe rest of India, reducing their dependence on agriculture and inching towards prosperity. But unfortunately the growth is not creating enough jobs and livelihood opportunities, creating a huge mismatch Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship data reveals that only 4.5 persons out of every 100 are skilled, according to the latest National Sample Survey, with the percentage even lesser in the Northeast. Countries such as Korea with 96 per cent skilled workforce and Japan having 80 per cent skilled manpower are way ahead.

5)Drug use in the region:

Its proximity to the notorious ‘golden triangle’, the North East region has suffered the most (and continues to do so) from the drug menace, compared to any other region in the country. In the recent years, injecting drug users have emerged as a high-risk group with the highest prevalence of HIV.

There is great opportunity to create IEC/BCC [information-education communication and behaviour change communication]strategies that would adequately address the needs of women for protection in relation to both sexually transmitted infections (STI)/HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH).

PROSPECTS AND OPPORTUNITIES:-

The region has certain distinct advantages with its strategic location having access to the traditional domestic market of eastern India. Also, with its proximity to major states in the east and adjacent countries such as Bangladesh and Myanmar, the region has the advantage for being the vantage entry point for the South- East Asian markets. E

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:-

1)Agarwood plantations in Meghalaya- The South East Asian countries’ business model based on creating a vertically integrated businesses from the management of plantations to the inoculation, harvesting, distilling and processing of agarwood inputs into a multitude of agarwood end products, including the highly-prized Oud oil can be replicated.

2) The National Bamboo Mission has estimated that some 20 million tonnes of bamboo can be harvested every year and lakhs of people can be employed in this field.

1)Bangladesh is opening up consular facilities at Bagdogra in Darjeeling district so that travellers to places like Darjeeling don’t have to travel through a circuitous route via Calcutta.

2)The ease of business is slowly improving and the state government has got a major Internet Gateway at Tripura. India’s third, with Bangladesh Government being supportive. Business delegations from across the border are often seen in Agartala.

3)A major step in unshackling the NER would be to enable access to the Bay of Bengal, braking out of its land-lockedness. This could happen through connecting the rail line from  Agartala via Akhaura in Bangladesh to Chittagong Port.- Yet, this would give Bangladeshi goods access to North-east markets, , and North-east goods to Bangladeshi markets as  well as international markets through a major sea port.

4)SEZs may be established within the region to capture the economic advantages, especially for tea, coffee, aromatic and medicinal plants, and horticulture products. A strong R&D support system is a sine – qua non for generating demand – driven technologies which are friendly to small holders. For efficient market system, an effective supply chain model needs to be put in place with the help of specialized institution like IIM Shillong.

5)Incentivize trekking agencies like YHA to promote trekking for tourists and eco tourism. Likewise, creating a hub for adventure sports by utilizing professionals to provide training and good experience in adventure sports. Equally important is the North East Tourism Policy to promote sustainable tourism and hence, making north east at par with Goa and Kerala

The National Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Policy, 2015 links skill development to improve employability and productivity for inclusive growth in the country. The Policy emphasise upon special attention to border, hilly and difficult areas including North Eastern States to address their needs for skill development and employability. The policy provides for special efforts including earmarking of funds for establishing training facilities in difficult regions and need base subsidisation of skill training for disadvantage groups. these policy interventions are being implemented by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal MVikas Yojana (PMKVY) in States/UT’s including North Eastern Region. 10 per cent outlay of PMKVY is apportioned for skill development in North Eastern Region.

Need of the hour in the North Eastern India is:

1)Dedicated Government single point of contact (SPOC) needs to be deputed to manage skilling in each of the NE State.

2)Leverage the Central and State schemes or funds effectively.

3)Market linked skill development.

4)Setting up “Migration Support Centres” at big hubs can provide better retention and career opportunities for candidates. This measure will be more essential for trainees coming from the Northeast, hilly states and other difficult areas, including LWE (left-wing extremism)-affected districts.

5)A right ecosystem for the startups has to be created by accessing the right skill, smart capital, networking and exchange, entrepreneurial culture and sound marketing strategies.

6)Some of the other sectors that could change the face of skilling and employability in the region include hotel and hospitality management, medical and paramedical degrees,agribusiness management, , ITeS, BPO and KPO skills, engineering degrees, business management, vocational skills dealing with automobiles, construction, electronics, plumbing, textiles and apparels etc.

7)While big-ticket investments may be the overall game changers, what is also important is to empower rural communities to create  sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities around microfinance, livelihoods etc.

            Above all, the political will, the bureaucratic support and commitment, the good governance, ease of doing business, and the PPPP (Private Public People Participation) Model are significant. All efforts have to be put together to straighten the present educational system, and to create employment opportunities which will reduce migration from north east to other places and also address the issue of insurgency.

1)Literacy rate of 77.76 per cent which is higher than the national average of 74.04 per cent.

2)Stereotype educational system and lack of infrastructure- huge outflow of students from the region, but has also led to a substantial drop – out rate of 50.05 per cent students between Class1 to 8 as compared to the national figure of 40.8 per cent during 2011 – 12.

3)The bookish curriculum together with the lack of technical/practical exposure leads to low employabilityand unemployment. lack of quality educational opportunities and professional institutes.

4)Exogenous factors like insurgency, bandhs and strikes. There were cases where classes were not held for almost 100 days in a year. This has compelled many parents to send their children outside the region, sometimes at great personal cost, for instance child trafficking. This is one of the factors that has caused the Supreme Court to pass an Order stopping children below the age of 12 years leaving the state of  Manipur

Quality over quantity, research, and encouraging entrepreneurial mindset like what is practiced in advanced states (industry oriented). Companies can also come forward to equip the technical and non – technical institutions under CSR initiative to increase the employability rate. Creation of employment opportunities by taking advantage of the Make in India model and the Start – Up Model, Government departments at the different levels, ICC, FICCI, FINER and the civil society have to brainstorm in transforming North East into an educational and tourism hub in the world Jobs and hiring in India needs to shift from being ‘qualification based’ to ‘skill base.

Unlike central Indian states where they are in a minority in all the states, tribes constitute more than 80 per cent of the state’s population in Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Nagaland.

THE DECREASING PERCENTAGE OF TRIBALS- Some states in the North-east have received a continuous flow of economic migrants from neighbouring states and Bangladesh, with the result that demographic balance has been tilting against indigenous population.

1)Tribal population in Tripura declined from 56 per cent in 1951 to less than 30 per cent in 2001. In Arunachal Pradesh, the tribal population declined from 90 per cent in 1951 to less than 64 per cent in 1991. Bodos, a plains tribe of Assam, have become a minority in many districts of Bodo Autonomous Council and lost land to immigrant Muslims, leading often to large-scale violence.

2)An off-shoot of the population division is the unequal power relations between the tribals and the non-tribals.

(Ahoms in Assam, Meities in Manipur, and Bengalis in Tripura) who seem to dominate in political and economic POWER)

The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India was enacted so that the tribals, who were in a minority in the larger undivided Assam of the 1960s, could decide their own development models and also safeguard their customary practices and traditions which give them a unique identity.

With the creation of tribal majority states of Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya, the context has changed.

The Nagas did away with it once they attained statehood.

The Mizos apply the Sixth Schedule only in respect of minority tribes within the State of Mizoram.

However, Meghalaya has continued with Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) as another political institution that appears to be like a subordinate legislature.

These Councils were relevant when Meghalaya was part of Assam, so that tribal areas could have a sense of self-rule and not get lost surrounded by a large non-tribal majority.

Now that Meghalaya is a separate state with more than 85 per cent tribal concentration, tribal concerns are fully represented in the state power structure, and continuing with the autonomous district councils only creates confusion and duplication.

Another problem is that in the Sixth Schedule areas, there is no other elective body below the level of the Council. Absence of grassroots level elected bodies affects the development of the remote rural areas. Below Autonomous Councils, the traditional institutions at the village level do exist, but they are not democratic in nature, and are clan based represented by the headman such as Syiem, the hereditary Chief of Khasi in Meghalaya. There is a need to bring in elected grassroots level institutions at par with village panchayats of other states.

Over the decades due to market penetration, several hill communities have taken to settled cultivation, and community ownership over means of production was gradually replaced by individual ownership, leading to economic inequalities

PRIVATISATION- For instance, as per Naga customary law, women have no land, property, or inheritance rights. There are instances that if they try to assert possession over land, they are branded as witches and are accused of causing harm to communities. These women are physically and mentally tortured. Control over resources, personal enmity with powerful members of the community and the prevalence of superstitions are some of the factors responsible for witch hunting.

Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, hill areas of Manipur and some tribal tracts of Assam have no written land records system, nor any payment of land revenue. The structural condition under which land is cultivated (open access or ‘free for all’) combined with the fact that the elite are able to corner most government funds, has intensified poverty and inequality in these states

Though, the ADCs have constitutional status with certain amount of autonomy in dealing with subjects, they are not backed by adequate funding arrangement. One of the major reasons for low release of NREGA funds in states like Manipur and Nagaland is difficulty in online submission of data at the district level due to poor network.

Not only tribal regions, but the entire North-East Region with the exception of Sikkim is characterized by low per-capita income, lack of private investment, low capital formation, inadequate infrastructure facilities, geographical isolation and communication bottlenecks. Its own tax collection and internal resources are quite meagre rendering the region totally dependent on central devolution. Local tribal elite prefer to invest in landed property and shy from risky ventures.

Sustainability and Prosperity through Eco Friendly Harvest:-

TRADITIONAL METHODS

Some of these prevalent styles include ‘Dongs’ in Assam, ‘Bamboo drip irrigation’ system in Meghalaya, ‘Wet rice and fish cultivation’ system of Ziro valley of Arunachal, Chakhesang Naga tribes using ‘Zabo’ system in Phek district of Nagaland and ‘Roof top rain water harvesting’ system in Mizoram.

POTENTIAL FOR HORTICULTURE

1)The north east India and especially states like Assam account for fair share of India’s production of tea, rice, rapeseed, mustard, jute, potato, sweet potato, banana, papaya, a large varieties of citrus fruits, leafy vegetables, herbs and spices

2)Meghalaya has immense potential of cashew nuts and fruits like plums while ginger and chilly and bamboo related products thrive in Tripura, Mizoram and Manipur.

3)Nagaland also has immense potential of fruits like pine apple.

4)In Phek district of Nagaland, the Zabo system involves harvesting with protected forestland towards the top of the hill, water-harvesting tanks in the middle and cattle yard and paddy fields at the lower side. Here, the water from the pond is passed through the cattle yard before taking it to the rice field for irrigation. The water carries with it the dung and urine of the animals to the fields through split bamboo channels helping in providing good source of nutrition for the crops.

Several initiatives of the governments, such as the ‘Look EastPolicy’, 1991 and the North EastIndustrial and Investment Promotion Policy (NEIIPP), 2007, and the NER Vision 2020 released in 2008, are efforts in the right direction but these will have to be shored up by concerted efforts.

1)ACT EAST POLICY

2)MAKE IN NORTH-EAST -Inspired by the “Make in India” initiative, a concept paper entitled “Make in North-east” has also been prepared. The “Make in North-east” initiative will not only generate revenue for North-east, but will also create job opportunities to prevent the exodus of youth which is presently taking place from the region to the rest of the country. This initiative will not only help in promoting industry and business, but will also bridge the psychological barriers and bring.

3)Northeast  closer to mainstream India’s brisk march on the road to development and growth.

Roads:-

A)Special Accelerated Road Development Programme forthe North East (SARDP-NE):-

The Special Accelerated Road Development Programme for the North Eastern Region (SARDP-NE) is aimed at developing road connectivity between remote areas in the North-eastern region with state capitals and district headquarters .NHAI, state PWDs and the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) are the implementing agencies.

The objectives are as follows:-

1)Upgrade National Highways connecting state capitals to two/ four-lane.

2)To provide connectivity of all 88 district headquarter towns of the NER by at least two-lane road.

3)Provide road connectivity to backward and remote areas of the NER.

4)Improve roads of strategic importance in the border area and

5)Improve connectivity to neighboring countries.

B)East West Corridor-

Apart from SARDP-NE, the NHAI is implementing the four-laning of 670 km of the East West Corridor from

Srirampur (Assam- WBborder) to Silchar in Assam, and the two-laning with paved shoulders from Jowai to Rattecherra (104 km) in Meghalaya under NHDP-III.

The slow pace of work on East West Corridor project in Assam has been due to problems in land acquisition, utility shifting by local bodies, tree cutting, frequent bandhs, poor law and order condition, ROB  clearance, inadequate deployment of manpower and machinery by contractor in certain cases, forest clearance, frequent restrictions imposed by local administration for collection of construction materials etc.

C)Railways:-

Rail tourism is on the anvil, with emphasis on the introduction of ecotourism and education tourism in the North-eastern states, the identification of special pilgrim circuits such as the Devi Circuit, the Jyotirling Circuit, the Jain Circuit, the Christian Circuit, the Sufi Circuit, the Sikh Circuit, the Buddhist Circuit and the Temple  Circuit.

D)Air trasport and inland waterways:-

Indo-Bangladesh protocol: Indo- Bangladesh Protocol on Inland Water Transit & Trade routes (1700 km) connects NW-1 (Ganga) with NW-2 (Brahmaputra) and proposed NW-6 (Barak). The development of this route would increase options for goods movement to and from the Northeast and peninsular India through the Sundarbans and Bangladesh, improving the accessibility of the North Eastern Region

The Indo Bangladesh Protocol Route:

The planners, with all their good intentions, connected NW2 to NW1 (Hooghly/Ganges) over the Indo Bangladesh Protocol Route, through Bangladesh. But the cross border issues, sailing through Bangladesh, lack of development of the waterway through Bangladesh, lack of availability of draft (technically called the Least ,Available Depth) through out the length of the Protocol Route (in Bangladesh over the river Padma) prevented it from being a viable alternative.

Infact, the transportation of wheat and rice in the Public Distribution System (that is for the Fair Price Shops/ Ration Shops) in the North East could (and should) be taken over the Protocol Route, saving millions of rupees in transportations and saving the congestion on roads. The Food Corporation of India, never took this initiative

Kaladan Multimodal Transport Project: The project, conceptualised by the Ministry of External Affairs.  to provide alternative connectivity of Mizoram with Kolkata/Haldia ports through River Kaladan in Myanmar, envisages coastal shipping/ maritime shipping from Haldia to Sittwe, IWT from Sittwe to Paletwa in Myanmar, and thereafter by road from Paletwa to Mizoram.  Construction of Sittwe port is in progress.

Waterways in North East India:While the Act East/Look East Policy is commendable, it has overlooked one basic point.Without a water transport policy capable of moving large volumes of goods by river, the policy will run into the sandbanks of the Brahmaputra. That is why the Transport Ministry’s decision to improve navigation is a key to opening up the area.

SHIP REPAIR FACILITY AT GUW AHATI AND RO-RO FERRY SERVICE BETWEEN DHUBRI & HATSINGIMARI ON NATIONAL WATERWAY NO 2 –

The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has initiated action for two major projects on the National Waterway No 2, which is the navigable channel of river Brahmaputra between Bangladesh Border and Sadiya (891 kms.) The projects include development of a ship repair facility (Slipway Project) at Pandu, Guwahati  and starting of Ro-Ro (Roll-on, Roll-off) ferry service between Dhubri & Hatsingimari

1)Till date, there is no underwater ship repair facility anywhere in North east region and all vessels requiring underwater repair have to travel to Kolkata. The facility will be beneficial to IWAI, Inland Water Transport, Govt. of Assam, BSF and the Indian Army and to all other private agencies engaged in Inland Water Transport operation.

2)The Ro-Ro facility between Dhubri and Hatsingimari will facilitate movement of loaded/unloaded trucks between North bank and South bank of the river and will cut the travel distance from 220 KM to 30 KM.

3)Simultaneous action is also initiated for stabilization of the channel including the river banks and for construction of 2 modern Ro-Ro vessels with state of the art navigation equipments including specialized infrastructure for movement of heavily loaded trucks, cargo and passengers at a cost of Rs.24 crore. There is also a future plan to introduce such facility through other nodal points on NW-2.

4)These two facilities will pave the way for development of Inland Water Transport sector in the North Eastern region and encourage the Inland Water Transport users to step into a new era of safe, economic and environment friendly mode of transportation.

Powering the North East: Challenges & Opportunities

The strategy to develop large hydropower projects should focus on

(a) Formulation of basin wise plans and coordinated implementation;

(b) Comprehensive resource vulnerability mapping;

(c) Sustainability assessment of projects at all relevant stages by suitably adopting the International Hydropower Association’s protocol to local needs;

(d) Transparent and professional environment impact assessment studies;

(e) Streamlining and expediting of clearances; and

(f) Adopting a proactive approach for engagement with public and civil society. Politically acceptable solutions to federal and riparian issues should also receive upfront attention.

T&D planning should be given special emphasis to

 (a) Long-term generation expansion plans:

(b) Pattern of demand growth and market evolution trends;

 (c) Development of basin-wise development plans;

 (e) Loss reduction

(f) Technology upgradation including induction of smart grid technologies; and

(g) Scenario based analysis. It would also be necessary to take note of the grid augmentation requirements likely in the context of grid integration of large scale RE.

Efficiency improvements

Improving efficiency in the  The Electricity Act, Energy Conservation Act and the National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency provide requisite legislative mandate and support towards this. Development of suitable business models and creation of public awareness would be important in this context

Policy and regulatory support

The policies should facilitate private and public participation, where needed. This can help in mobilizing finance and improving management efficiencies. Periodic policy and regulatory impact assessment studies are also important to understand how the end objectives are being realized and to carry out modifications where necessary.

Human resources development

Availability of adequate skilled manpower is another area to focus on. Capacity-building in diverse engineering fields, project management and regulation aspects should merit attention.

The infinite variety of its geographic setting, topography, varied flora and fauna and avian life, rare orchids and butterflies, brightly painted monasteries, challenging rivers, the history of ancient traditions and lifestyles, its festivals and crafts make it a wonderful holiday destination.,’

According to Tourism Ministry  data, the flow of foreign tourists to the north-eastern states has been on an upward trend since 2011.

While the inadequate land connectivity with the rest of India has been a hurdle, the region’s long international border of more than 4,500 km in length can be a great advantage and has the potential to transform the region.

Beautiful Hill Stations:

The hill stations are also unique because of their indigenous culture and cuisine that varies considerably from one destination to other.

Gangtok is dotted with monasteries.

.Itanagar is the perfect place for the tourists seeking unspoiled natural habitat.

Tawang is a town situated at an elevation of approximately 3,048 metres (10,000 ft) in the northwestern part of Arunachal Pradesh. Tawang is approximately 2,085-sq-kms bordered by Tibet in the North East, Bhutan in the Southwest and Sela ranges separate West Kameng district in the East India.

Shillong,is often referred to asthe ‘Scotland of the East’ due to its striking similarity with the Scottish Highlands. The beautiful and historic places of tourist interest include Don Bosco Museum, Butterfly museum, Botanical Garden, Shillong Peak, Umiam Lake and Ward’s Lake.

The Exotic Flora and Fauna:

The north- eastern region of India acts as the transitional zone between the Indian, Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese biogeographic regions and is the geographical ‘gateway’ for much of India’s flora and fauna. As a consequence, the area is one of the  richest in biological values, high in endemism and holds a large number of rare species that are now under a serious threat.

North-east India combines a species-rich tropical rain forests, The tropical semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests Asia.

The rich natural beauty, serenity and exotic flora and fauna of the area are invaluable resources for the development of eco-tourism.

13 major national parks and 30 wildlife sanctuaries are the treasureand heritage of the north – eastern India.

Nowadays the state governments are educating the local population about the benefits of organic farming and organic products, which is contributing enormously in increased practice of organic farming and rural ethnic tourism in the region

Cultural Attractions:-

North east region moffers a mixed culture of Hindu, Christianity, Muslim and Buddhism.

Buddhist Culture occupies an important place and large number of ethnic groups as compared to other religions. Every tribal group of these states has its own distinctive tribal culture, tribal folk dance, fairs, festivals, food and crafts. Fair and Festivals are the integral part of tribes along with traditional dance and folk music.

There are numbers of festivals celebrated by various tribes of different states throughout the year. Festival season is the best time to know the culture and traditional costumes of a paradise unexplored called North East In dia.

The major festivals of northeast India are Bihu, Brahmaputra Festival of Assam, Hornbill and Sekrenyi festival of Nagaland, Torgya Monastery Festival Arunachal Pradesh, Monolith and Behdienkhlam festival of Meghalaya, Chapchar Kut from Manipur, Ningol Chakouba Festival Manipur and Kharchi Puja from Tripura.

Tribes of North East India use some musical instruments like Tamak folk drum, flute, Khamb and Lambang which are made of bamboo.

Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultures (Shillong), Kamakhya Temple (Guwahati), Tripura Sundari Temple (South Tripura District), Monasteries of Sikkim, Lord Krishna Temple (Imphal), The Catholic Cathedral (Kohima) are prime cultural attractions of the region.

Cuisines:

Cuisines of north – east India offers foods that reflect the culture and lifestyle of the region.

The delicious dishes of this region are not laced with oil or spices. The locally grown aromatic herbs make them more appealing.

Lightness, ease of preparation and simplicity are the hallmarks of northeastern food. Assamese, Manipuri, Tripuri, Naga, Arunanchali, Sikkim, Mizo and Meghalayan cuisine are broad categories of foods relished in north – eastern India.

The unique food items of the north – east India are Jadoh, Momos, Ki Kpu, Aakhol Gh or, Bai, Sawchair, Thukpa Tung-rymbai and pickled bamboo shoots.

Government Initiatives:-

For the development of tourism infrastructure in the country, the Ministry of Tourism has introduced two new schemes in 2014-15 “Swadesh Darshan for integrated development of Circuits around specific themes” and “PRASAD for National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive”.

They are Coastal Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, North East India Circuit, Himalayan Circuit and Krishna Circuit identified under Swadesh Darshan Scheme initially.

Seven more circuits viz. Desert Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wild Life Circuit and Rural Circuit have recently been identified under the scheme.

Under PRASAD scheme 12 cities have been identified. Kamakhaya in Assam features under PRASAD scheme.

10 per cent of the plan allocation of the Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of India is earmarked for North Eastern States.

Parytak Mitra Programme

The Ministry of Tourism has launched Parytak Mitra, Programme, for college goingstudents to inculcate appropriate tourism traits and knowledge and to enable them to act/workas Tourist Facilitators (Parytak Mitra).

The Government has launched a River Information System (RIS) between Haldia and Farakka stretch of the National Waterway-1 (NW-1). The system enhances swift electronic data transfer between mobile vessels and shore (Base stations) through advance and real-time exchange of information. RIS aims to streamline the exchange of information between waterway operators, regulators and users. This would facilitate inland navigation safety, improvement in efficiency of inland navigation, dissemination of information to vessels on the status of fairways, provision of virtual aids to navigation and guidance to the vessels and planning of the voyages.This project taken up by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI). RIS in NW-1 is expected to be beneficial to areas in the following States:1 Phase-I: West Bengal & Jharkhand ; 2. Phase-II: Jharkhand & Bihar and 3.Phase-III: Bihar & Uttar Pradesh

Project ‘Clean Street Food’ was launched to raise the safety standards of foods sold on streets across the capital city of New Delhi by training 20,000 roadside vendors on aspects of health and hygiene, in the first phase. The project was launched by FSSAI)in partnership with the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship to train street food vendors at more than 40 centres across Delhi under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) category of the Government’s flagship skills training scheme- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).

This project involves the partnership among the regulating body of the government, corporate and NGOs who have all come together to upgrade the skills of the street food vendors which shall help them enhance their livelihood options also.“Project – Clean Street Food” will change the lives of millions of Indians at the bottom of the pyramid, boost the country’s economic development and lead to the rediscovery of India’s rich tradition of street food. Skill India and FSSAI along with State Governments will replicate this initiative in other parts of India, based on the experience of the Delhi project.

HANDLOOM AND HANDICRAFTS FROM NORTH EASTERN STATES um Jubilee Celebration of First Assam Regiment In order to promote the rich cultural heritage of the North Eastern States of India, Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) and Ministry of Textiles have undertaken a joint initiative to promote the handicrafts and handloom products of the North Eastern States of India by organizing an exhibition of high quality products from North Eastern Region at CCIC (Central Cottage Industries Corporation) showroom in Delhi. The products are being sourced from artisans and weavers including master craft persons and National awardees from all over India.

“PURBASHREE STALL” AT DILLI HAAT The North Eastern Handicrafts and Handlooms Development Corporation Ltd (NEHHDC) has set up the Purbashree stall at Dilli Haat, Delhi. This stall will further boost the development and promotion of North East handicrafts and handlooms products. It is for the first time that the stall has been set up on a permanent basis which is devoted exclusively to North east. The stalls showcasing North-east were earlier put up on temporary basis. These stalls will showcase the North Eastern culture and ethnicity, help in generating the revenue and will also help in the promotion of start-up.

 

February 18, 2017

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