Kindly note that essay is a very dynamic paper and nobody in India gives a topic wise strategy for essay. Although the style of representation and content can vary from individual to individual, what we are trying to do here is give you some critical aspect, some examples or quotes and reference material which can act as a guide to create a better framework and shape your essay in order to take it to the next-level. Every individual have their strength and way of expression and by no means we want to suppress your creative writing abilities or hamper your imagination, hence use this strategy as a tool to create a better framework. The idea is to expand your horizon of thinking. If you have something more to add do let us know in the comment section.
The reason behind asking this essay is multi-fold. Namely-
GOI has launched a program – Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan and this indicates the importance of this topic in policy circles.
Essay on disability has not been asked, so it makes a strong case for UPSC to ask this essay in order to diversify their question catalogue.
Not only in India but worldwide this the undercurrent is noticed, whether it is through declaration of Incheon strategy or Marrakesh Treaty .
Lastly, we have asked this essay due to its huge socio-political connotation and make you get ready for the exam if at all this question is asked by UPSC.
Strategy for this essay is rather simple.
To justify the statement, you have to give few good examples of extra-ordinary individuals who made a mark in this arena.
The Examples can be found in the reference material, although you may give any other example that you deem fit.
Giving a case study for essay of this nature makes the essay more interesting to read. Hence to fetch good marks in this essay, it is a must.
You can begin with an example and then show how disability is not inability.
Then delve into how they are constrained by our societies. Here you have to access multiple perspectives, namely :-
Society’s attitude towards disabled. (Social Isolation, Mockery, humiliation etc)
While giving example of society , try to link it how the society’s attitude is towards a disabled child (in school and other places- bullying), towards a disabled women (difficult to get married and other social issues), towards an older person who is disabled ( mis-treatment etc)
Then you can delve into economic and other aspect of the essay.
Devote a para to political angle as well.
Then connect how this does not fit well with Right to Dignity and other constitutional aspects
After discussing the above mentioned points, show what are the issues that are faced by disabled people in their day to day life. What are the hardships they endure in their day to day life etc.
Then delve in to the loopholes in policy and other parameters.
Towards the end give a suggestion and discuss Incheon strategy, Marrakesh Treaty etc along with Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan.
Also discuss how technology is aiding the disabled and giving them the life they wanted – Jaipur Leg and other examples can be given here.
Then in conclusion, show how if we empower them, what are the social, political and economic benefits and how disability in the age of technology is not inability.
The best reference material is the one which we prepared from YOJANA as YOJANA NECTOR. Chekc it out and read it throughly and note down important points.
Few INDIAN Examples-
Bachhendri Pal, Sudha Chandran etc.
Here are few more examples:-
“Disability need not be an obstacle to success,” Stephen Hawking wrote in the first ever world disability report back in 2011. As one of the most influential scientists of modern times, the wheelchair-bound physicist is certainly proof of that.
So why then are public attitudes so far from the reality? Almost 40% of respondents in a survey in Britain said that disabled people aren’t as productive as others. In the same survey, a quarter of disabled people said people expected less of them because of their disability.
It is these sorts of attitudes, rather than any mental or physical impairment, that create barriers for people with disabilities. As these leaders from the world of sports, culture and business show, it’s about time we changed those outdated beliefs.
“I went blind at 22. From an athlete, I became a young man with a white cane, unsure how to live my life,” Mark Pollock, a Forum Young Global Leader explains. But very soon, he found a deeper purpose in life, and realized his disability didn’t have to stop him from achieving great things.
“I began to race in deserts, mountains, across oceans, and on the 10th anniversary of going blind, I raced over 43 days to the South Pole.”
But in 2010, an accident left him paralyzed, and once again his world changed overnight: “My new life was shattered.”
He had a choice: to let his disability define him for the rest of his life, or to continue fighting. There was only ever one way it was going to go.
“If I just sat in a wheelchair, I’d be giving up completely,” he remembers. Today, he’s working with other leaders from science, technology and communications to fund and fast-track a cure for paralysis.
Born in the US in 1880, an illness left Helen Keller both blind and deaf before her second birthday. While the services available to people with disabilities were less extensive than they are today, Keller’s mother sought out experts and ensured her daughter received the best education.
In 1904, Keller graduated from Radcliffe College, becoming the first deaf-blind person to earn a bachelor of arts. It was at university that her career as a writer and social activist started. Today, the Helen Keller archives contain almost 500 speeches and essays on topics as varied as birth control and Fascism in Europe.
She would go on to achieve international acclaim, becoming America’s first Goodwill Ambassador, and to this day she remains an inspiration to the deaf and blind.
Ralph Braun was still a young boy when he was diagnosed with muscular dystrophy, an incurable group of genetic diseases that leads to a loss of muscle mass.
A few years after his diagnosis, Ralph began to lose his ability to walk. While doctors warned him he would never be able to lead an independent life, the young boy was already proving people wrong, building the first battery-powered scooter. His passion would eventually lead him to establish wheelchair manufacturer BraunAbility.
He died in 2013, but as his company’s website notes, his legacy lives on. “Necessity is the mother of invention, and Ralph’s physical limitations only served to fuel his determination to live independently and prove to society that people with physical disabilities can participate fully and actively in life.”
Mexico’s most famous artist was born with spina bifida, a condition that can cause defects in the spinal cord. At six, she contracted polio, which left one leg much thinner than the other.
In spite of these challenges, she was an active child, but at 18 a bus accident left her with serious injuries. It was while recovering from the accident that Frida discovered her love of painting. She would go on to be one of the most famous Surrealists in the world.