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01-July-Facts For Prelims



  • A new training programme Comprehensive Online Modified Modules on Induction Training (COMMIT) for State Government officials (not ‘officials of the Union Government’, as has been mentioned in option ‘a’) was recently launched.
  • The objective of this training programme is to improve the public service delivery mechanism and provide citizen centric administration through capacity building of officials who interact with the citizens on day-to-day basis.

  1. Odisha has mandated a minimum of 60 days for the State Assembly to sit
  2. Indian Sunderbans steadily losing its famed mangroves
  • This is because there is less fresh water flow and sediment supply in the western (Indian) part of the delta (sediment that normally adds to landmass is trapped upstream in rivers by dams and barrages) so we have starvation of sediment and the rate of sea level rise is higher than sediment supply. Hence we are losing land, including mangrove forest.
  • The eastern (Bangladesh) side of the delta is gaining land because of the huge amount of sediment and water flow from the Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers.
  1. Changthang plateau in Ladakh, inhabited by Changpa nomads– guardians of the Changthangi, or pashmina goats,
  2. ‘Deep Blue’ and ‘Deep Mind’ are terms sometimes seen in the news in the context of AI.
  3. Jainsem’ is a traditional attire of Meghalaya
  4. On a broad scale across birds, egg shape is related to flight ability. Birds that fly better have evolved their bodies in a way that their eggs will be less symmetrical and more elliptical than those of lesser fliers.
  • Birds, to maintain sleek bodies for flight, have evolved elliptical and asymmetric eggs to increase egg volume without increasing egg width — this is advantageous for narrow, streamlined bodies.
  1. Catch Up Effect: A theory speculating that, since poorer economies tend to grow more rapidly than wealthier economies, all economies in time will converge in terms of per capita income. In other words, the poorer economies will literally “catch-up” to the more robust economies. The catch-up effect is also referred to as the theory of convergence
  2. “The recently unveiled Open Acreage Licensing Policy and the National Data Repository together are a significant and welcome step towards opening up the hydrocarbon exploration and production industry in India.”

Additional Information:

  • Regulatory agencies all over the world have the shared problem of receiving, storing and releasing huge quantities of data – initially seismic and log data. To overcome these problems, National Data Repositories (NDRs) began to emerge.
  • As NDRs emerged about 20 years ago, some of the early adopters in the UK and Norway started an embryonic movement to get Regulators to cooperate in developing these repositories. This was very informal until 2008 when Energistics created the NDR Work Group(there are Indian entities that are members of this group).
  • The NDR Work Groupfocuses on promoting collaboration amongst regulatory agencies on oil and natural gas data management standards, with a particular focus on national data repositories.


  1. Bond connect scheme

China opened itself to foreign investors on Monday by liberalising rules that regulate participation in its massive bond market. The new Bond Connect scheme allows large foreign investors such as banks and pension funds to buy and sell mainland Chinese bonds through offshore accounts in Hong Kong.


  1. The ‘Customer Obsession Award’ is the first of its kind instituted by CII, to be given to companies who adopted consumer friendly practices in their trade.
  2. The Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 are framed to regulate the pre-packaged commodities.  Rule 6 of the said rules provides that every package shall bear thereon the following declarations:
  • Name and address of the manufacturer/packer/importer;
  • Common or generic name of the commodity contained in the package;
  • Net quantity, in terms of standard unit of weight or measure or in number;
  • Month and year of manufacture/ pack/ import;
  • Retail sale price in the form of Maximum Retail Price (MRP) Rs….. Inclusive of all taxes
  • Consumer care details.

The Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines launched the ‘MERIT app (Merit Order Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency)’ and the e-bidding portal for providing e-Bidding solution to States to select Independent Power Producers (IPPs) for procurement of power by transferring their domestic coal under the scheme of flexibility in utilization of domestic coal. The app and the web portal would result in optimum utilization of Coal, leading to lower generation costs and ultimately lesser cost of electricity for the consumers.

  1. Pandharapur Yatra– it is the ‘Wari-Warkari’ tradition more than 700 years old. It is celebrated by some people in the state of Maharastra.


  1. The ‘human challenge’ and ‘controlled human infection models (CHIM)’ can help vaccine developers evaluate the protective efficacy of vaccines outside of large, costly clinical trials.
  • Studies using these models are conducted in highly controlled conditions and involve intentionally infecting healthy adult volunteers with a pathogen to assess a vaccine’s ability to protect against it.
  1. The Global Electric Vehicles Outlook Report – International Energy Agency
  2. Saint Teresa’s blue-bordered sari an IP now: The famous blue-bordered sari of Mother Teresa, who has been canonised as Saint Teresa of Calcutta by the Vatican, has been recognised as an Intellectual Property of the Missionaries of Charity. It is the first time ever that a uniform has been protected under the Intellectual Property rights\
  • India’s Trade Mark Registry has assigned an image trademark to Mumbai’s Taj Mahal Palace hotel. This makes it the first structure in India to get such a trademark registration
  1. WINGS’ forum– This event brought together the key stakeholders of the Aviation Sector such as States, Tourism Departments and Tour Operators as a Group representing airline consumers to facilitate interaction with various airlines, airport operators, cargo operators and other ecosystem players at a common forum.
  2. What is a moonshot?A moonshot, in a technology context, is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits. The term “moonshot” derives from the Apollo 11 spaceflight project, which landed the first human on the moon in 1969. “Moonshot” may also reference the earlier phrase “shoot for the moon” meaning aim for a lofty target.

Eg- Google Glass, Hyperloop, Driverless car

  1. Aerosols are suspensions of solid or liquid particles in a gas (usually air). The particulate portion of an aerosol is referred to as Particluate Matter, or PM. Particulate Matter is a generic term applied to chemically heterogeneous discrete liquid droplets or solid particles. The PM in an aerosol can range in size from 0.001 to greater than 100 microns in diameter.


  1. The balaclava-wearing radicals known as “black blocs” rampaging through the streets of Hamburg during the G20 summit trace their roots back to Cold War-era West Germany. Known for disrupting major international meetings across Europe for three decades, the far-left, black-clad anarchists are loosely organised with vague political demands but share a set of violent tactics.


March 17, 2018

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